According to law no one owns the airwaves. But below are the all the laws concerning communication
and media industries in ghana.
NATIONAL MEDIA COMMISSION ACT
1993 (ACT 449)
Section 1-Establishment of National Media Commission.
(1) There is established by this Act a body to be known as the National Media Commission referred to in this Act as "the Commission”.
(2) The Commission shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal and may sue and be sued in its corporate name.
(3) The Commission may for and in connection with the discharge of its functions purchase, hold, manage or dispose of any movable or immovable property and may enter into such contracts and transactions as may be reasonably related to its functions.
Section 2-Functions of the Commission.
(1) The functions of the Commission are—
(a) to promote and ensure the freedom and independence of the media for mass communication or information;
(b) to take all appropriate measures to ensure the establishment and maintenance of the highest journalistic standards in the mass media, including the investigation, mediation and settlement of complaints made against or by the press or other mass media,
(c) to insulate the state-owned media from governmental control;
(d) to take measures to ensure that persons responsible for state-owned media afford fair opportunities and facilities for the presentation of divergent views and dissenting opinions;
(e) to appoint in consultation with the President, the chairmen and other members of the governing bodies of public corporations managing the state-owned media;
(f) to make regulations by constitutional instrument for the registration of newspapers and other publications, except that the regulations shall not provide for the exercise of any direction or control over the professional functions of a person engaged in the production of newspapers or other means of mass communication; and
(g) to perform such other functions as may be prescribed by law not inconsistent with the Constitution.
(2) In carrying out its functions the Commission shall not by regulations or any other act, require any person to obtain or maintain a licence as a condition for the establishment of a newspaper, journal or any other written publication.
Section 3-Independence of the Commission.
Except as otherwise provided in the Constitution or by any other law not inconsistent with the Constitution, the Commission shall not be subject to the direction or control of any person or authority in the Performance of its functions.
Section 4-Independence of Journalists.
Subject to its functions as provided in this Act, the Commission shall not exercise any control or direction over the professional functions of a person engaged in the production of newspapers or other means of communication.
Section 5-Composition of the Commission.
(1) The Commission shall consist of the following members—
(a) one representative each nominated by—
(i) the Ghana Bar Association;
(ii) the Publishers and owners of the Private Press;
(iii) the Ghana Association of Writers and the Ghana Library Association;
(iv) the Christian Group (the National Catholic Secretariat, the Christian Council, and the Ghana Pentecostal Council)
(v) the Federation of Muslim Councils and Ahmadiyya Missions;
(vi) the training institutions of journalists and communicators;
(vii) the Ghana Advertising Association and the Institute of Public Relations of Ghana; and
(viii) the Ghana National Association of Teachers;
(ix) the National Council on Women and Development;
(x) the Trade Unions Congress;
(xi) the Association of Private Broadcasters; [As Iserted by National Media Commission (Amendment) Act, 1998 (Act 561)].
(b) two representatives nominated by the Ghana Journalists Association;
(c) two persons appointed by the Parliament; and
(d) three Persons nominated by Parliament.
(2) The Commission shall elect one of its members as Chairman.
(3) A person shall not hold office as Chairman of the Commission for more than two terms in succession
Section 6-Qualifications of members of Commission.
(1) No person is qualified to be a member of the Commission who—
(a) is not a citizen of Ghana;
(b) has been adjudged or otherwise declared—
(i) bankrupt under any law in force in Ghana and has not been discharged; or
(ii) to be of unsound mind or is detained as a criminal lunatic under any law in force in Ghana; or
(c) has been convicted—
(i) for high crime under the Constitution or high treason or treason or for an offence involving the security of the State, fraud, dishonesty or moral turpitude; or
(ii) for any other offence punishable by death or by a sentence of not less than ten years; or
(c) has been found by the report of a commission or a committee of inquiry to be incompetent to hold public office or is a person in respect of whom a commission or committee of inquiry has found that while being a public officer he acquired assets unlawfully or defrauded the State or misused or abused his office, or wilfully acted in a manner prejudicial to the interest of the State, and the findings have not been set aside on appeal or judicial review; or
(d) is under sentence of death or other sentence of imprisonment imposed on him by any court; or
(f) is otherwise disqualified by a law for the time being in force.
(2) Without prejudice to subsection (1) of this section a member of the Commission shall cease to be a member if, in the case of person possessed of professional qualification, he is disqualified from practising his profession in Ghana by an order of any competent authority made in respect of him personally or he ceases to be a member otherwise than at his own request.
(3) A person who is a founding member of a political party, is a leader or a member of its executive or holds any office in a political party shall not be qualified to be a member of the Commission; and [As Inserted by National Media Commission (Amendment) Act, 1998 (Act 561)].
Section 7-Tenure of Office of Members.
(1) The members of the Commission shall hold office for a term of three years and shall be eligible for re-appointment or re-nomination.
(2) A person shall not be a member of the Commission for more than two terms in succession.
(3) A member of the Commission may at any time resign his office by giving one month's notice in writing addressed to the Chairman and in the case of the Chairman, the letter of resignation shall be addressed to the Executive Secretary.
(4) A person shall cease to be a Chairman of the Commission when he ceases to be a member of the Commission or when he is removed from the chairmanship by the Commission.
(5) For the avoidance of doubt, the Chairman and other members of the Commission shall not be considered as holding full-time office on the Commission.
Section 8-Filling of Vacancies.
(1) Where the Chairman of the Commission dies, resigns, is removed from office or is absent from Ghana for a period exceeding three months or is by reason of illness unable to perform the functions of his office, the members of the Commission shall elect one of their members to act as Chairman until such time as the Chairman is able to perform the functions of his office or until a new Chairman is elected.
(2) Where a member of the Commission dies, resigns or otherwise ceases to hold office, or is by reason of illness or any other sufficient cause unable to perform the functions of his office, another person may be appointed or nominated as the case may be, to act in his place until such time as the member is able to perform the functions of his office or until a new member is appointed or nominated to fill the vacancy.
(3) where a person is elected as Chairman or appointed a member to fill a vacancy he shall hold office for the remainder of the term of the previous Chairman or member as the case may be and shall, subject to the provisions of this Act