The tax system of each country reflects its specific history, legal tradition, political
structure and economic base. The tax system of Ghana originated from the colonial
system, when it bore little relationship to the actual conditions or interests of the
country. The most common direct taxes are the personal income tax (PIT), corporate
income tax and wealth and inheritance taxes. The most common indirect taxes are
value-added tax (VAT), selected sales and excise taxes.
The Ghanaian Tax System in the written law does not treat men and women
differently. Regarding explicit gender bias, none of the regulations which have been
analysed do cause gender discrimination in any form. All reductions or tax burden
apply to both men and women.
Because of the steering function of taxation, implicit gender bias cannot be avoided.
The tax system gives incentives or tax rates which can affect men or women more. It
is nearly impossible to design a tax system that is both equitable and completely
gender-neutral. This impossibility is due to the fact that an equitable and fair system,
by definition, needs to take into account the personal circumstances of each
individual tax payer. However, this gender neutral personalisation automatically
introduces implicit gender bias.
in short the Ghana tax system is very fair on an international level because the tax is based on individual earning abilities.