The bulk of the cocoa bean output in Ghana is exported either as dry bean or processed form. The COCOBOD usually sells the smaller size light crop cocoa beans to processing industries in the country at a discount. Light crop beans are smaller in volume than the main crop variety, although quality of the bean is the same. There are four major cocoa processing companies in Ghana that process the cocoa beans into primary products, such as, liquor, butter, powder and cake. About 90% of all processed cocoa is exported whilst the remaining ten percent is used in the production of confectionery products. Locally there are about ten (10) companies that produce cocoa confectionery products, such as, chocolate, cocoa beverages, cocoa powder and other chocolate candies, ice cream, and chocolate drinks. In MY 2009/10 cocoa beans supplied to local processing industries was 65,275 MT down from 99,559 MT in MY 2008/09 due to the scarcity of the light crop cocoa beans. The total installed processing
capacity of cocoa in Ghana has increased from 85,000MT to approximately 220,000 MT in 2005-2010. This increase was in anticipation of increase in the light crop beans and its consequent supply of the beans to the processing companies. The current shortage in supplying cocoa beans from the light crop by COCOBOD has the entire cocoa processing industry in Ghana operating below capacity which is a major concern of the processing companies.