Sub-Metropolitan District Council under Respective Metropolitan
Accra Metropolitan Assembly
Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly
Shama Ahanta East Metropolitan Assembly
Ablekuma Asokwa Sekondi
Ashiedu Keteke Bantama Takoradi
Okaikwei Manhyia Shama
These are found in the metropolitan assemblies and DAs. In the DAs, town councils are established for settlements with populations between 5000 and 1500. Area councils exist for a number of settlements/villages which are grouped together but whose individual settlements have populations of less than 5000.
They cover areas with predominantly rural populations and in some cases can be identified with spheres of influence of a particular traditional authority. They are essentially rallying points of local enthusiasm in support of a new local government system.
A unit is normally a settlement or a group of settlements with a population of between 500–1000 in the rural areas, and a higher population (1500) for the urban areas. Unit committees being in close touch with the people play the important roles of education, organisation of communal labour, revenue-raising and ensuring environmental cleanliness, registration of births and deaths, implementation and monitoring of self-help projects, among others.
Committees of District Assemblies
In the performance of its functions, the DA works through the executive committee and its subsidiary committees of development planning, social services, works, finance and administration, and justice and security.
The functions of the assembly are performed by the executive committee, which is presided over by the district chief executive and consists of not more than onethird of the total number of members of the assembly excluding the presiding member. Heads of departments of the assembly attend the meetings of the relevant sub-committees and advise them on the execution of their functions, but may not vote.
A sub-committee can also coopt persons to attend its meetings but also without a vote. The functions performed by the executive committee are to:
• coordinate plans and programmes of the sub-committees and submit these as comprehensive plans of action to the DA
• implement resolutions of the district in collaboration with the office of the DA
• oversee the administration of the district in collaboration with the
office of the district chief executive
• recommend where it considers necessary – in the case of departments outside 364 the supervision of the assembly which are in the district – to the appropriate government ministry/department/agency the appointment and replacement on stated grounds of officers within the area of authority of the assembly
• adopt measures to develop and execute approved plans of the units, areas and towns and sub-metropolitan districts within the area of authority of the assembly
• recommend to the DA the coordination, integration and harmonisation of district development plans and policies.
Sub-committees of the executive committee
The sub-committees of the executive committee and the functions they perform are shown below:
Development planning sub-committee
• takes a comprehensive look at the district
• identifies the economic resources/potentials of the district
• develops an information base on the resources
• identifies opportunities and constraints for the exploitation of these resources
• prepares exploitation and phasing plans and strategies
• consults with other sub-committees and the private sector for the
implications that the proposed district plan may have on other sub-committees’ plans
• submits the plan to the executive committee for harmonisation with other sub-committee plans.
Social services sub-committee
• takes a comprehensive and long-term look at areas of social development in the district, in particular education, health, social welfare, sports, culture, etc.
• develops the information base on these areas of social development
• prepares a social development plan (long-, medium- and short-term) for the district Sub-Committees of the Executive Committees of the Assembly District Assembly, Executive Committee Development Planning Sub- Committee, Social Services Sub- Committee, Works Sub-committee, Finance Administration, Justice/ Security
• identifies the strengths and weaknesses in the social services areas
• examines the implications of the social development plan on other sub-sectors of the district economy
• submits the plans to the executive committee for harmonisation.